World AIDS Day - A recent update on prevalence in India

December 1, 20101comments




Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. The World AIDS Day theme for 2010 is 'Universal Access and Human Rights'. World AIDS Day is important for reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done.The theme for World AIDS Day 2010 is 'Universal Access and Human Rights'. Global leaders have pledged to work towards universal access to HIV and AIDS treatment, prevention and care, recognising these as fundamental human rights. 






As per the HIV Estimations 2010, India is estimated to have 23.9 lakh people infected with HIV in 2009 at an estimated adult HIV prevalence of    0.31%. Adult HIV prevalence among men is 0.36%, while among women, it is 0.25%. The State-wise details of HIV prevalence among men and women and estimated number of HIV infections among men, women and children are annexed.



National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) under National AIDS Control Programme Phase – III has developed a communication strategy to create awareness about HIV/AIDS and promote safe behaviors. Campaigns are conducted regularly on mass media supported by outdoor media such as hoardings, bus panels, information kiosks, folk theatre, and exhibition vans. At the inter-personal level, training and sensitizationprogrammes for Self-Help Groups, Anganwadi Workers, ASHA, members of Panchayati Raj Institutions and other key stakeholders are carried out. Vulnerabilities of High Risk Groups including commercial sex workers (CSW), men having sex with men (MSM) , injecting drug users (IDU) and also truck drivers and migrants are specifically addressed through behavior change communication programmes implemented as part of Targeted Intervention (TI) projects. In addition, Integrated Counselling & Testing Centres (ICTC), STI clinics and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) centres have provision of counseling and provide necessary information to clients approaching them.     NACO has also launched two phases of Red Ribbon Express project, in 2007-08 and 2009-2010 to generate awareness about HIV/AIDS across the country through a special exhibition train supported by outreach activities.   

 A Part of expenditure incurred in a financial year by Government of India towards implementation of National AIDS Control Programme (NACP-III) is reimbursed by the international agencies. The financial assistance received as reimbursement in the last three years and the current year are as follows.
2007-08 – Rs. 623.85 crore
2008-09 – Rs. 653.01 crore
2009-10 – Rs. 662.52 crore
2010-11 – Rs. 211.62 Crore (Till 13.11.2010)

 There is a tripartite agreement between the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) for carrying out HIV/AIDS vaccine research in India. The first agreement was signed in year 2000 and was extended further in 2005. The vaccine development agreement between IAVI and ICMR for the development and testing of the vaccines and tripartite agreement between NACO (GOI), ICMR, and IAVI would end by end of 2010. Under this agreement, the first HIV vaccine trial was conducted at NARI, Pune using Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) based HIV-1 subtype C vaccine candidate; second trial at TRC, Chennai evaluated
Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) based vaccine and the currently ongoing trial at TRC and NARI, Pune is evaluating a DNA-MVA prime boost strategy.
TBC-M4 vaccine has been manufactured by Therion Biologics Corporation, CombridgeMAUSA. ADVAX is manufactured as a sterile, purified plasmid DNA product by Vical Incorporated (San DiegoCA).


Annexure
Estimated Adult HIV Prevalence and Estimated number of HIV Infections among men, women and Children, State-wise, 2009
S.No
State
Estimated Adult HIV Prevalence
Estimated No. of HIV Infections


Male (%)
Female (%)
Male
Female
Children
(0-14 yrs)
1
Andaman & NicobarIslands
0.29
0.15
357
38
71
2
Andhra Pradesh
1.07
0.73
3,01,116
1,98,504
20,207
3
Arunachal Pradesh
0.2
0.12
686
395
42
4
Assam
0.1
0.06
8,883
5,360
330
5
Bihar
0.26
0.17
75,864
44,606
4,897
6
Chandigarh
0.46
0.29
2,059
1,008
1,454
7
Chhattisgarh
0.34
0.22
24,667
15,107
1,141
8
Dadra Nagar Haveli
0.17
0.12
173
112
11
9
Daman & Diu
0.18
0.13
156
95
10
10
Delhi
0.35
0.23
22,308
11,908
665
11
Goa
0.58
0.4
3,287
2,153
250
12
Gujarat
0.44
0.3
84,441
52,433
5,418
13
Haryana
0.17
0.07
8,118
7,734
388
14
Himachal Pradesh
0.23
0.16
5,400
3,478
118
15
Jammu & Kashmir
0.09
0.06
3,430
1,973
606
16
Jharkhand
0.16
0.1
14,904
8,670
871
17
Karnataka
0.75
0.51
1,48,089
97,433
9,475
18
Kerala
0.23
0.15
24,429
15,631
4,546
19
Madhya Pradesh
0.23
0.16
52,598
32,205
25
20
Maharashtra
0.64
0.45
2,56,679
1,63,110
23,831
21
Manipur
1.89
0.9
18,731
8,042
667
22
Meghalaya
0.1
0.07
824
508
131
23
Mizoram
0.97
0.64
3,822
2,203
1,762
24
Nagaland
0.94
0.61
8,481
4,639
267
25
Orissa
0.35
0.23
44,417
27,396
1,992
26
Puducherry
0.33
0.22
1,372
882
78
27
Punjab
0.37
0.26
36,111
20,816
3,909
28
Rajasthan
0.22
0.15
47,520
28,797
5
29
Sikkim
0.07
0.05
148
83
114
30
Tamil Nadu
0.39
0.27
93,023
61,719
6,749
31
Tripura
0.18
0.12
2,099
1,327
7,355
32
Uttar Pradesh
0.11
0.07
68,624
40,728
105
33
Uttarakhand
0.12
0.08
3,571
1,968
6,956
34
West Bengal
0.34
0.23
1,02,858
65,136
4

INDIA
0.36
0.25
14,69,245
9,26,197
1,04,450
keywords: HIV/AIDS, HIV, AIDS, World AIDS day, AIDS day, World AIDS day 2010, Dec 1 2010, AIDS day 2010, HIV prevalence, HIV/AIDS prevalence, India HIV status, India HIV/AIDS prevalence
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